Zlatibor mountain

Zlatibor mountain

With its natural resources, beside being one of the most popular destinations for rural and sports tourism, mount Zlatibor has become a major center of health tourism as well

A legend says that it was named after white pines with yellow needles like old gold that once covered the beautiful slopes of Mt. Zlatibor. Today the last “golden” pine can be seen in the village of Negbina. Its Latin name is Pinus sylvestris variegata zlatiborica.

This area was first inhabited by the Ilyrian tribe Parthini. The remains of this culture – ornamental ceramics decorated with characteristic patterns fingernail impressed into the clay were found in caves and steep mountain tops where they lived. Numerous tombs were found in Zlatibor at different locations – Krivorečka gradinaKremnaBraneško Polje

After the arrival of Romans new fortifications and roads were built, and a large number of tomb stones dating from the 2nd and the 3rd century were found at the Kremna village. The Slavs started settling here after the 9th century and they built a fortress in Dobroselica in Gradac where remains of old fortification can still be seen. Around the year 1180 the Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja included Zlatibor and the town of Užice in the Serbian Grand Principality (Rascia).

Zlatibor mountainA true jewel of Western Serbia today is one of the most visited mountain centers. At 1,000 meters above sea level, mild climate lures visitors all year round. Zlatibor is well known for sport and rural tourism, but it is a particularly attractive medical tourism destination.

In winter Zlatibor is the meeting place of all fans of winter sports. A vast plateau 30 kilometers long and 12 kilometers wide is surrounded by mountain peaks GradinaCrni vrhČigotaMurtenicaTornikČavlovac and Vijogora and headwaters of the Sušica River.

The rivers Crni and Veliki Rzav (Black and Grand Rzav) have cut their way through the mountain slopes in Zlatibor, while the Uvac River makes beautiful canyons in the southern slopes of Zlatibor.

These rivers and two artificial lakes abound in fish thus making Zlatibor an ideal destination for all passionate fishermen. This mountain is also rich in mineral water springs, and one of them is located in Vapa Spa near the village of Rozanstvo.

During warmer period of year schools of paragliding and hang-gliding, also tennis and basketball are organized in Zlatibor. While you’re here, you shouldn’t miss the opportunity to take a pleasure ride on the Šargan Eight Railway. The narrow eight shaped railway track will offer you a unique steam train ride between Šargan and Mokra Gora.

Zlatibor mountainEvery year Zlatibor hosts numerous manifestations. The Trumpet Festival and exhibition of traditional folk art that takes place by the end of July, gathering numerous orchestras and folk ensembles, attract most visitors. Serbian hunters’ meeting and Zlatibor wolf hunt is one of the oldest manifestations on Zlatibor that takes place by the end of February and gathers all hunters from the region.

However, “Pršutijada” is the most famous manifestation in Zlatibor. The fair is organized by producers of smoked meat products from Čajetina municipality who are treasuring the authentic production technology.

Once you’re on mount Zlatibor, don’t miss the opportunity to stay at the “Palisad” hotel. It’s versatile offer will satisfy even the most demanding guests.

How to get to the mountain of golden pines?

To get from Belgrade to Zlatibor you should take the highway to Montenegro, and your destination is 220 km away.

Zlatibor location on Google maps

Zlatibor mountain
Zlatibor location on Google maps

When you are already here, don’t miss…

“Drvengrad” – the one of a kind ethno village on Mećavnik, Built as imagined by famous director Emir Kusturica.

If you are visiting the mountain in the first half of august, don’t miss the Guča brass festival, one of the largest trumpet festivals in Serbia. The total distance between Zlatibor to Guča is 43 km.

And you must try kajmakham and cheese, but also the specialty of Serbian cuisine and this region, the “komplet lepinja” (a kind of bun with kajmak eggs and gravy).

Tara mountain

Planina_Tara

Untouched nature, skiing resorts and archaeological sites are the leading attributes of Tara, a mountain known for its diversity of flora and fauna.

Mount Tara with endless evergreen and deciduous forests, lush pastures and vast meadows is one of the most beautiful corners of Serbia. Thus no wonder that the old Slavic God Tar had chosen Mt. Tara for his home. According to the legend, the mountain was named after him.

Tara is located in Western Serbia near Zlatibor and Mokra Gora, and it presents an area of exceptional natural beauties. It is the perfect destination for relaxation and recreation.

The canyon of the Drina River in the north of the mountain range contributes to the already exceptional beauty of Tara. Lake Perućac on the Drina River and Zaovine lake are located at the foot of the mountain. Thanks to these extraordinary natural beauties and unique ambient, Tara is a true jewel among Serbian mountains.

omorika-tara
Omorika Hotel

In winter time Tara, with its several smaller ski resorts Beli bor, Nagramak, Šljivovica and Mitrovac na Tari (Mitrovac on Tara), attracts numerous fans of winter sports. The highest quality ski resorts are located in the region of “Predov Krst” and they are equiped with trails for Alpine and Nordic skiing and the system of ski-lifts.

All year long numerous visitors come to Tara because of favorable climatic conditions. Zaovine with lakes, Kaluđerske Bare, Mitrovac, Sokolina and Predov krst are the most visited tourist resorts in Tara. During summer season cycling and hiking tours are organized, while all fans of extreme sports can enjoy mountain cycling tours.

If you prefer activities such as walking and hiking and enjoying the beauties of untouched nature, Tara will exceeded all your expectations. You can also visit some of the numerous cultural and tourist attractions.

Bajina Bašta, Višegrad, ethno village Drvengrad and the unique “Šargan Eight” rail can be visited as they are located at the foot of the mountain. You shouldn’t miss the opportunity to experience a unique steam train ride on the inaccessible terrain and the narrow eight-shaped railway track between Mokra Gora and Šargan.

Several archaeological sites can be found in Tara, and particularly interested are stećci (medieval tombstones) in Perućac, medieval fortress Solotnik and the Rača Monastery from the 13th century. For restless spirits and true adventurists there is whitewater rafting on the Tara River and the Drina.

Banjska-stena-In 1981 the mountain range of Tara was declared a National Park with spectacular nature and rich flora and fauna. There are 53 species of mammals and 153 species of birds living in this nature reserve park while bear, chamois and roe deer are protected by law.

“Tepih livada” (Carpet meadow), a part of the natural reserve “Crveni potok” (Red creek), is a particular attraction in Tara. It was named after a unique phenomenon – the meadow sags under your feet giving you a sensation that you’re truly walking on carpet. This phenomenon is a result of water preserved under the watertight soil. Lack of oxygen, acidic base, excess water and low temperatures prevent plants from decaying.

Climate in this region is humid and cold, thus it’s perfect for the growth of moss that creates white peat deposits. This moorland has been forming continuously since the last ice age, it is thousands of years old and it is still rising 1mm a year.

How to get to this preserve of natural beauty?

If you are heading to the mountain of ancient Slavic gods from the direction of Belgrade, the shortest route to take is the Belgrade-Valjevo-Rogačica-Bajina Bašta-Tara road which is 180km long. Tara is also 246km from Novi Sad. Google maps to Tara mountain >>HERE<<

What to visit on tara see more >>HERE<<

There is also a mountain Lake Perućac, Šargan Eight railroad, Drvengrad , Mokra Gora, Kremna, Village Zaovine & Zaovine Lake

Find Biker friendly locations on the Biker friendly page >>HERE<<

Location of Tara Mountain

location of Tara Mountain on the map of serbia
location of Tara Mountain on the map of serbia

Picea omorika – a new endemo-relict species

Picea_omorika

Picea omorika, common name Serbian spruce (Serbian: Pančićeva omorika), is a species of coniferous tree endemic to the Drina River valley in western Serbia, and eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a total range of only about 60 ha, at 800–1,600 m (2,625–5,249 ft) altitude. It was originally discovered near the village of Zaovine (Serbia) on the Tara Mountain in 1875, and named by the Serbian botanist Josif Pančić; the specific epithet omorika is simply the Serbian word for “Serbian spruce”. All other spruces are smrča.

It is a medium-sized evergreen tree growing to 20 m (66 ft) tall, exceptionally 40 m (131 ft), with a trunk diameter of up to 1 m (3 ft). The shoots are buff-brown, and densely pubescent (hairy). The leaves are needle-like, 10–20 mm long, flattened in cross-section, dark blue-green above, and blue-white below. The cones are 4–7 cm (2–3 in) long, fusiform (spindle-shaped, broadest in the middle), dark purple (almost black) when young, maturing dark brown 5–7 months after pollination, with stiff scales.

Picea_omorika
Natural range

Cultivation

Outside its native range, Serbian spruce is of major importance as an ornamental tree in large gardens, valued in northern Europe and North America for its very attractive crown form and ability to grow on a wide range of soils, including alkaline, clay, acid and sandy soil, although it prefers moist, drained loam.

It is also grown to a small extent in forestry for Christmas trees, timber and paper production, particularly in northern Europe, though its slow growth makes it less important than Sitka spruce or Norway spruce. In cultivation, it has produced hybrids with the closely related Black spruce P. × Machala and also with Sitka spruce.

Ecology

Because of its limited range, it is not a major source of nutrition to wildlife, but does provide cover for birds and small mammals. Prior to the Pleistocene ice ages, it had a much larger range throughout most of Europe